History of the Faroe Islands – Timeline
300 – Archaeological excavations show people lived on islands in year 300, but do not reveal who they were
6th century – Irish monks settle in the Faroe Islands
9th century – Norwegian farmers settle in the Faroes Islands
900 – Faroese Althing (parliamentary council/assembly) is formed
999 – Sigmundur Brestisson, with orders from the King of Norway, introduces Christianity to the Faroese and the religion is adopted by the Faroese Althing
1035 – The Faroe Islands become a province of Norway
1349 – The Black Death pandemic reaches the Faroe Islands, killing a third of the population
Late 14th century – Norway and Denmark join to form a double monarchy
1524 – King of Norway and Denmark, Christian II, offers the Faroe Islands and Iceland to King Henry VIII of England as collateral for a loan. King Henry VIII declines.
16th century – King of Norway and Denmark, Christian III, introduces Lutheranism to the Faroe Islands, replacing Catholicism
1814 – Norway is ceded to Sweden, but the Faroe Islands remain under the Danish rule
1816 – The Løgting (replacing the name Althing) is officially abolished and replaced by a Danish judiciary.
1846 – Venceslaus Ulricus Hammersheimb, a Faroese Lutheran minister, creates a spelling system for the Faroese language
1849 – New Danish constitution comes into power in Denmark. The Faroe Islands are allowed two representatives to sit in the Danish Parliament.
1852 – The Løgting is re-established as a county council with an advisory role
1856 – The Royal Danish Trade Monopoly is abolished
1906 – The first political parties, Sambandaflokkurin (The Union Party) and Sjálvstýrisflokkurin (Self-Government Party) are founded
1919 – The first Faroese flag is made by Faroese students in Copenhagen
1938 – The Faroese and Danish languages are made equal in schools and churches.
1940 – British forces occupy the Faroe Islands during the Second World War, and the Faroese flag is officially recognized by the British government
1946 – A small majority vote in favour of independence from Denmark in a referendum
1948 – The Home Rule Act is passed, cementing status as a self-governing country within the Danish Realm
1948 – Faroese is made the main language of the Faroe Islands
1977 – The Faroe Islands increase their fishing zone from 12 nautical miles (originally 3 nautical miles in 1901, then increased to 12 nautical miles in 1961) to 200 nautical miles
1990 – The fishing industry collapses, and Sjónvinnubankin bank declares bankruptcy, triggering worst economic depression in Faroese history
2007 – Faroese government takes full control of Vága Floghavn airport and Faroese State Church
2013 – EU imposes sanctions on the Faroe Islands because of dispute over herring and mackerel fishing quotas
2014 – EU sanctions are lifted
2017 – Faroese Parliament passes fisheries reform